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The Affects of War
The Effect of War on Human Culture
First we will start with a short history of war and human conflict.
History of war (in brief)
War as we know it did not come about until the late 1930s. Then, in 1939, people where shocked by the brutal pace of German advances. The Germans had just invented blitzkrieg, or lightning war. These advances where brutal and deadly.
However, the casualty rate for both sides was much lower than in was happening in earlier centuries. As technology of war got more advanced, casualty percentages dropped. For example, in the American Civil war, there were 25% casualties for the losing side. Compare this to world war two, in which the losing side had only 3-5% casualty rates. The exception to this rule is the Napoleonic wars, which had casualty rates of 5-6% higher than previous wars. The is mostly due to the massive numbers of troops deployed in modern warfare and the dispersion of troops over the battle field (see
). When ancient commanders would have only as much as 200,000 men, modern armies can muster millions of people to fight for their cause.
Effect of War on the Economy
War has a major effect on the economy's of the participating nations. It forces them to direct resources away form civil projects and into the building of tanks and planes and guns. This was not always so. In ancient times, nations went to war for land, slaves, and resources. This was very profitable. It was not uncommon to take hundreds of thousands of slaves over the course of a campaign. Also, wars were waged much more often than now, with countries waring for hundreds of years at a time. The Roman Empire was constantly at war for its entire 1000 year existence. However currently, war is a hugely negative impact on a warring countries economies. It is expensive to build weapons like shown in this video for an entire army. Sorry about the music, but I couldn't find a better video.
Russian Army Military Helicopters, Tanks, Jets Plane
Weapons require large amounts of metal and electronics, which can get very expensive. For example, WWI put Germany into a depression so bad that their money was used for confetti because it was cheaper. Some people even burned money because it was cheaper than wood
As another example, the Iraq war cost the US about 3 trillion dollars, or $3,000,000,000,000.
The Effect of war on Technology.
War has had a mainly positive effect on technology. M&Ms were invented as a way to send chocolate to the troops without it melting. Bouncy Balls came about because of a failed try at making a rubber that wouldn't puncture. Radar was invented to hold off the German bombing raids on London and its Airbases. And Spam was a way to get our troops meat in small packages. However fighting like this by the 101st airborne destroyed much research and industry. Many scientist were taken away from other scientific researches to work on the A-bomb projects in many of the Allied and Axis countries. This slowed down the inventions of other things not necessary to the war effort, like washing machines.
The Effects of war on Cultures
The effect of war on culture is profound and important. The treaty of Versailles forced Germany to pay reparations to the Allied nations, bankrupting it. This raised a culture in Germany of blaming the Allies for all of the bad things that happened in Germany. This came to a pinnacle in Adolf Hitler. He murdered and talked his way to the top of the National Socialist Workers party. He then changed the name to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or Nazis. This party was based on anti-semitic principle from the first world war. In America, because the men had gone to war, women took over the jobs in manufacturing and labor industry, traditionally mens jobs. When the men came back from the war, they found women in "their" jobs. This ended leading to the women's rights movement in the United States of America.
The Air War College
The War Scholar
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